Data types in C Programming language

C Programming Language tutorial, we are going to understand the concept of Data types and its uses. What is the requirement of Data types in C Programming Language? It is used to declare the memory location that determines the characteristics of the data.

  1. There is an associated data type with each variable.
  2. Different data types require a different amount of memory.

What are the types of Data Types in C Programming Language?

There are 5 common data types in C:

  1. char: It stores a single character and requires a 1 byte of memory in almost all compilers.
  2. int: It stores an integer.
  3. float: It stores decimal numbers with single precision.
  4. double: It stores decimal numbers with double precision.
  5. void: valueless special purpose type data type.

Different data types also have different ranges

Data Type             Memory (bytes)          Range                      Format Specifier
short int                   2          -32,768 to 32,767                       %hd
unsigned short int          2           0 to 65,535                            %hu
unsigned int                4           0 to 4,294,967,295                     %u
int                         4          -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647         %d
long int                    4          -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647         %ld
unsigned long int           4           0 to 4,294,967,295                     %lu
long long int               8          -(2^63) to (2^63)-1                     %lld
unsigned long long int      8           0 to 18,446,744,073,709,551,615        %llu
signed char                 1          -128 to 127                             %c 
unsigned char               1           0 to 255                               %c
float                       4                                                  %f
double                      8                                                  %lf
long double                 12                                                 %Lf

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