What are the major features of Java programming?

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This section of the Java programming tutorial covers the complete features of  Java Programming Language. Let’s dive into the topic now.

List of Features of Java Programming Language

  • Object-Oriented
  • Compiled and Interpreter
  • Platform Independent
  • Easy to learn
  • Secure
  • Architecture-neutral
  • Portable
  • Robust
  • Multithreaded
  • Interpreted
  • High Performance
  • Distributed
  • Dynamic

Features of Java Programming Language


Java is completely based on the object model & everything in Java is considered to be an object.

Compiled and Interpreter

It has both compiled and interpreter java function program is first compiled and then it must be interpreted to translate it. First of all the java program is compiled and then after compilation, it generates bytes codes instead of machine language.

Then after bytes are converted to the Machine Language Codes are converted to the Machine Language with the help of the Interpreter So, First of all, it is necessary to compile it then it must be Interpreter

Platform Independent

Java Language is Platform Independent means Java language is easily transferable due to the fact that after compiling the Java program bytes file is generated we just have to transport the Byte File code to another machine.

This is not important for machines with the same operating system where the java code is generated and executed after compiling the Java program. They can easily convert the java code to the other execution machine.


Java was designed to make reading easy. It would be easy to master when you understand the basic concepts of OOPs.


With Java’s secure feature it enables to develop virus-free, tamper-free systems. Authentication techniques are based on public-key encryption.


Java compiler generates an architecture-neutral object file format, which makes the compiled code executable on many processors, with the presence of Java runtime system.


Being architecture-neutral and having no implementation subservient aspects of the specification makes Java portable. The compiler in Java is written in ANSI C with a clean portability boundary, which is a POSIX subset.


Java makes an effort to eliminate error-prone situations by emphasizing mainly on compile-time error checking and runtime checking.


With Java’s multithreaded peculiarity it is feasible to write programs that can perform many tasks concurrently. This design feature allows the developers to construct interactive applications that can run smoothly.


Java byte code is interpreted on the fly to native machine instructions and is not stored anywhere. The development process is more rapid and analytical since linking is an incremental and light-weight process.

High Performance

With the adoption of Just-In-Time compilers, Java enables high performance.


Java is designed for the distributed environment of the internet.


Java is a dynamic language. It supports dynamic loading of classes. It means classes are loaded on demand. It also supports functions from its native languages, i.e., C and C++.

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