In this section of the Python tutorial, we will have a look at some notable Python features. Python is an object-oriented and efficient programming language comparable to Perl, Ruby, Scheme, and Java.
Features of Python
- This uses an elegant syntax, making it easier to read the programs you write.
- It’s an easy-to-use language that makes it easy to get your software to function. This makes Python suitable for design creation and other ad-hoc programming activities, without losing the maintenance capability.
- It comes with a large standard library that supports most basic programming tasks, such as connecting to web servers, searching for text with regular expressions, reading and editing files.
- The collaborative model makes it easy to check short code snippets. There is also a packaged software system called IDLE.
- It is easily extended by adding new modules to a compiled language such as C or C++.
- It can also be integrated into an application to provide a programmable interface.
- It runs anywhere, including Mac OS X, Windows, Linux, and Unix, with unofficial builds also available for Android and iOS.
- It is free software in two senses. It doesn’t cost anything to download or use Python, or to include it in your application. Python can also be freely modified and re-distributed because while the language is copyrighted it’s available under an open-source license.
Programming-Language Features of Python
- Numerous basic data types are available: numbers (floating point, complex and infinite integers), strings (both ASCII and Unicode), lists, and dictionaries.
- Supports object-oriented programming with classes and multiple inheritances.
- You can group Python code into modules and packages.
- This promotes the raising and finding of cases, resulting in a smoother error handling.
- Data forms are typed strongly and dynamically. Mixing incompatible types (e.g. trying to add a string and a number) allows an exception to be created, so that errors are caught earlier.
- Python provides advanced programming features such as generators and list comprehensions.
Automatic memory management frees you from the need to manually assign and free memory in your code.